After its independence from Portugal in 1975, Angola went through a 27-year civil war which was primarily a struggle between two former liberation movements: MPLA and UNITA. Besides the struggle between these movements, a separatist struggle by the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) also played a role in the civil war. Cabinda is an Angolan province but it is separated from the country’s main territory by a sliver of the Democratic Republic of Congo. While the Angolan war ended in 2002, the status of Cabinda is still disputed by FLEC. A 2006 peace agreement between the government of Angola and a faction of the FLEC sought to end the conflict, but sporadic attacks by both sides have continued. Because of this deep-rooted conflict about Cabinda, Genocide Watch considers Angola at stage 5 of Genocide: polarization.
Genocide Watch is the Coordinator of Alliance Against Genocide. Founded in 1999, the Alliance is made up of over 50 organizations from around the world and was the first coalition of organizations focused completely on preventing genocide.